Hi. This is my first post to this list. I'm interested if anyone could recommend a paper discussing the margins of training sets and nearest neighbour classification. In case I'm using the wrong terminology: I mean 'margin' as in the margin between a decision boundary and instances optimised by support vector machines and similar. I'm interested in a good introductory paper in discussing the effective margins when instances are classified by nearest neighbour classification. I've just played around with a Java program which allows me to create a 2d data set by plotting points with a mouse. I note that for "1 nearest neighbours" approaches the margin between the instances and the decision boundary is maximised (as it should be using euclidean distances and a visible "instance space"), while "3 nearest neighbours" can easily misclassify instances even when the problem is linearly separable. Hence maximising the margins between the decision boundary and instances is not what is happening with 3NN. Putting "nearest neighbor" classification and margin into a search engine returns large numbers of papers, but I have no idea which papers or authors would the best ones to try first. My reason for wanting to know more about this is that as a more "symbolic AI" type of person, I have in the past ended up creating nearest neighbour classifiers for problems in ad-hoc domain dependent data representations and using ad-hoc distance metrics. Not knowing how I would apply classifiers such as support vector machines to these problems (or even if such is possible - conversion to vectors is frequently not feasible). I do note that the type of decision boundary created when using nearest neighbour approaches is very different from the linear, polynomial, etc. decision boundaries created by other approaches and am aware of the bias-variance tradeoff. But, I'm mainly thinking about margins in instance spaces that are not vectors where it is not feasible to convert the instances to vectors. Thanks in anticipation, Ross Clement -- -- Ross Clement (Dr) Senior Lecturer Department of Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Multimedia Harrow School of Computer Science University of Westminster Northwick Park Middlesex UK HA1 3TP [log in to unmask] +44-20-7911-5000 ext. 4159